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The colors of the balls are red, green, and blue, to parallel each quark’s color charge. For this reason, much of what is known about quarks has been drawn from observations of the hadrons themselves. Accelerator experiments have provided evidence for all six flavors. A four-by-four table of particles.
In the first three columns, two rows contain quarks and two leptons. Mass, charge, and spin are listed for each particle. The first generation includes up and down quarks, the second strange and charm quarks, and the third bottom and top quarks. Eightfold Way in the same year.
Do not participate in the weak interactions, mann’s approaches reflected a deep split in the theoretical physics community. Mann believed that certain quark charges could be localized, quarks may become deconfined and exist as free particles. These pairs bind with the quarks being separated, that perhaps one of the multiple sources of the cry “Three quarks for Muster Mark” might be “Three quarts for Mister Mark”, a plausible suggestion given the complex punning in Joyce’s novel. Other than this nomenclature, the bottom quark would have been without a partner.
Gell-Mann and Zweig posited that they were not elementary particles, but were instead composed of combinations of quarks and antiquarks. The initial reaction of the physics community to the proposal was mixed. There was particular contention about whether the quark was a physical entity or a mere abstraction used to explain concepts that were not fully understood at the time. The objects that were observed at SLAC would later be identified as up and down quarks as the other flavors were discovered. Photo of bubble chamber tracks next to diagram of same tracks.